Successful Environmental Workforce Development and Job Training (JT) programs create partnerships to strengthen and leverage available resources. Partnerships contribute to virtually every program activity, including applicant recruitment, screening, student services, training, and placement. Additionally, partners provide technical and financial assistance contributing to the long-term sustainability of the program. This chapter addresses a variety of ways in which JT programs can establish meaningful partnerships.

Below are the various terms related to partner relationships. The terms are sorted into three categories: organizational structure, individual relationships, and agreements used to establish partnerships.

  • Partners
  • Umbrella organizations
  • Parent organizations
  • Sister organizations
  • Affiliates
  • Linkages
  • Service providers
  • Contractors

In the Program Maintenance and Sustainability chapter, the importance of organizational structure is discussed. Each term in this group provides a description of how partners relate to each other. The term partner provides a general connotation that some sort of agreement exists between parties. The term umbrella organization describes an organization that covers or umbrellas one or more programs. Parent organizations denote the same structure, and sister organizations connote a separation of organizations that have common interests and linkages. Linkages, service providers, and contractors are other ways that partners relate to each other.

  • Stakeholders
  • Advisors
  • Consultants
  • Associates
  • Customers and clients
  • Members

Individuals may relate to the Brownfields Job Development and Training Program in one or several ways. Stakeholders are any person, group, or organization that may impact or be impacted by brownfields activity. Other terms in this group are self- descriptive.

  • Memorandums of Understanding (MOU)
  • Letters of intent
  • Commitments
  • Contracts
  • Purchase orders
  • Articulation agreements


A MOU details the terms of a partnership between two organizations. The content of the MOU states in generals terms the expectations of each party in achieving a common goal. Letters of intent and commitment letters serve a similar purpose, and contracts and purchase orders provide a binding commitment of deliverables. Articulation agreements are formal agreements between educational institutions to recognize credits earned at one institution and transferred to a partner institution.

Program Components